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Population Trends

1.2.2 Data on migrants by reasons for migration (asylum seekers and international students)

The data in this section concern people’s reasons for migration and their legal status in different local areas. These data are not widely available at the local level but there are some figures for asylum seekers, resettled refugees and international students, which you can find by scrolling through this section. Unfortunately, local data are not available for people who moved for work or family reasons.

How many asylum seekers and refugees are there in each local authority?

Figure 4 shows selected local authorities with the largest number of asylum seekers in receipt of Section 95 support as of 30 June 2019. Section 95 support is provided to destitute asylum seekers until their claim is determined. While Section 95 data are the main source of information on the distribution of asylum seekers across local authorities, they do not include people who are not receiving this destitution allowance (such as people with private incomes) or those whose asylum claims have been determined (with either a positive or negative decision). For more information about Section 95 and asylum in the UK please see the Migration Observatory briefing, Migration to the UK: Asylum and Resettled Refugees.

There are no official data on where refugees live after their asylum claims have been accepted, although the Migration Observatory has produced regional estimates of people who came to the UK for asylum based on APS data. See the Migration Observatory briefing, Where Do Migrants Live in the UK?

The Home Office also provides local-authority level counts of people resettled under the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme and other programmes, starting in March 2014.

Download the source data in this chart (Figure 4) from the Home Office

Figure 4: Number of asylum seekers receiving Section 95 support and resettled refugees (per 1000 population), by local authority, United Kingdom (year ending June 2019)

Data Notes ?

Provisional data which are not available for all local authorities and exclude UASCs, those receiving Section 98 support and people in initial accommodation awaiting transfer to dispersal accommodation. Local authorities not recorded as supporting any asylum seekers under Section 95 are listed as not supporting any (0); however, the location of 206 asylum seekers is listed as ‘Other and Unknown’. Rates per 1,000 are calculated using mid-2018 population figures and are not calculated in the same way as ‘cluster limits’, which describe the share of asylum seekers in the local population and are used to regulate the dispersal of asylum seekers in the UK.


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Last updated: 2019-09-17

How many international students are there in each local authority?

Figure 5 shows the number of EU and non-EU domiciled higher education students, and the share of international students in the total student population, by local authority. Data on international students are collected by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA).

HESA also publishes data by mode of study – full-time versus part-time – and level of study – degree, postgraduate taught, postgraduate research, etc. Much of the data are freely available on the HESA website, while further breakdowns by individual country of domicile or term-time place of residence can be purchased.

Figure 5: International students as a share of all higher education students, by local authority, United Kingdom (2017/18)

Data Notes ?

Counts are surpressed in cases where the number is too small to be reported, including percentages calculated with fewer than 22.5 individuals.


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Last updated: 2019-12-01