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Population Trends

1.2.2 Data on migrants by reasons for migration (asylum seekers, refugees and international students)

The two charts on this page concern people’s reasons for migration and their legal status in different local areas. These data are not widely available at the local level but there are some figures for asylum seekers, resettled refugees and international students, which you can find by scrolling down. Unfortunately, local data are not available for people who moved for work or family reasons.

How many asylum seekers and refugees are there in each local authority?

Figure 4 shows selected local authorities with the largest number of asylum seekers in receipt of Section 95 support as of 30 September 2021. Section 95 support is provided to destitute asylum seekers until their claim is determined. While Section 95 data are the main source of information on the distribution of asylum seekers across local authorities, they do not include people who are not receiving this destitution allowance (such as people with private incomes) or those whose asylum claims have been determined (with either a positive or negative decision). For more information about Section 95 and asylum in the UK please see the Migration Observatory briefing, Migration to the UK: Asylum and Resettled Refugees.

There are no official data on where refugees live after their asylum claims have been accepted, although the Migration Observatory has produced regional estimates of people who came to the UK for asylum based on APS data. See the Migration Observatory briefing, Where Do Migrants Live in the UK?

Figure 4 also shows local-authority level counts of refugees resettled under the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme and other programmes. These data are cumulative, meaning they count all instances of resettlement regardless of whether the resettled person has since moved to another area.

Download the source data in this chart from the Home Office

Figure 4: Number of asylum seekers receiving Section 95 support and resettled refugees (per 1000 population), by local authority, United Kingdom (30 September 2021)

Data Notes ?

Please note these data are not available for all local authorities and exclude UASCs, those receiving Section 98 support and people in initial accommodation awaiting transfer to dispersal accommodation. Local authorities not recorded as supporting any asylum seekers under Section 95 are listed as not supporting any (0). A total of 96 individuals are recorded as receiving Section 95 support but their location in the UK is not reported. Rates per 1,000 are calculated using mid-2020 population figures and are not calculated in the same way as ‘cluster limits’, which describe the share of asylum seekers in the local population and are used to regulate the dispersal of asylum seekers in the UK. Section 95 support data are accurate as of 30 Sep 2020; resettlement data are a cumulative count of all those resettled over the period Q1 2014 to Q3 2021 – many will have since moved.

Downloads

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Last updated: 2021-31-12
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How many international students are there in each local authority?

Figure 5 shows the number of EU and non-EU domiciled higher education students, and the share of international students in the total student population, by local authority. Data on international students are collected by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA).

HESA also publishes data by mode of study – full-time versus part-time – and level of study – degree, postgraduate taught, postgraduate research, etc. Much of the data are freely available on the HESA website, while further breakdowns by individual country of domicile or term-time place of residence can be purchased.

Figure 5: International students as a share of all higher education students, by local authority, United Kingdom (2019/20)

Data Notes ?

Please note that counts are rounded to the nearest 5 and percentages are not calculated when there are fewer than 22.5 individuals.

Downloads

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Last updated: 2021-12-31
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