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Outcomes and Integration

2.1. How do migrants fare in the local labour market?

Between Census years, up-to-date information on the labour-market outcomes of migrants at the local authority level is relatively limited. For many local authorities, NOMIS provides data on the employment rate, unemployment rate and economic inactivity rate for working-age non-UK born people, broken down by white and non-white ethnicity (select ‘Country of birth’ from the ‘Category’ filter). The available data are estimates based on the APS and also come with confidence intervals.

Figure 13 provides estimates of the employment rates for foreign-born individuals in 2019. Some areas do not have an estimate because the sample size size for foreign-born people with white or non-white ethnicity (or both) is too small.

Download the source data in this chart from NOMIS.

Another source of data on local labour market activity and related information is the 2011 Census. Labour market conditions have changed considerably since 2011 and so indicators like employment rates are likely to have changed too. However, there are some circumstances in which census data may still be helpful – in examining differences in outcomes between migrants from different countries of origin, for example. Users should bear in mind that the gaps between different groups do not necessarily remain constant over time and are affected by factors such as the duration of residence in the country.

Census data allow detailed breakdowns of outcomes of different groups by local authority. For example, relevant Census tables for England and Wales include:

Comparable data for Scotland are provided in Tables DC6210SC and LC6210SC, as well as the Census data warehouse which contains additional commissioned tables.

NHS Digital produces figures on the proportion of GPs in England, by Clinical Commissioning Group, whose primary medical qualification was acquired outside of the UK. These data can be accessed and are visualised in the ONS publication International migration and the healthcare workforce (see Figure 9).

Figure 13: Employment rates of the white, ethnic minority and total foreign-born population, aged 16-64, by local authority in Great Britain (2019)

Data Notes ?

Estimates are not available for Northern Ireland and for local authorities where sample sizes are too small. Local authorities with incomplete data for either white or minority ethnic population are excluded. Total foreign-born workforce figures and percentages are calculated from rounded data and are therefore indicative only.

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Last updated: 2020-07-10
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